In
the year 2015-16, the growth rate of milk was 6.28 percentages and it caused increase
in milk production to 156 million tonnes

 

Per
capita availability of milk in India is 337gms/day while World average is only
299 gms/day

 

India
has highest animal wealth in the World with 512.05 million numbers

 

            Union
agriculture and Farmers Welfare Minister, Shri Radha Mohan Singh has said that
there is a tremendous potential for working on the development of dairy in
Maharashtra. In Nagpur Vidarbha and Marathwada Center, the dairy profession can
be a major source of livelihood for rural households. The Agriculture Minister said
this on the occasion of inauguration of Nagpur Dairy and Mother Dairy booth
here today. On this occasion, Union Minister of Road Transport & Highways
and Shipping, Shri Nitin Gadkari and Chief Minister of Maharashtra Shri
Devendra Fadnavis were also present.

            Union Agriculture and Farmers Welfare
Minister, Shri Radha Mohan Singh said that according to the data of May 28,
2017, the total production of milk in 2015-16 reached 156 million tonnes which
is 6.28 percent annual growth rate. It may be worth to mention here that milk
production during 2014-17 has increased by 16.9% when compared to the year
2011-14. Per capita availability of milk in India is 337gms/day while World average
is only 299 gms/day. As far as Maharashtra is concerned, milk production
increased from 9.54 million tonnes in 2014-15 to 10.1 million tonnes in the
year 15-16 with a growth rate of 6.4%, which is more than country’s growth rate
of 6.28%, but per capita availability of milk has been 239 gms/day in 2015-16
which is substantially lower than national average, he added.

 
The Agriculture Minister said about Marathwada and Vidarbha region,
 
  • Out of the total milk animals in the state, 41
    per cent are in these areas, whereas it contributes only 28 per cent (261
    lakh kg per day) in the State’s total milk production. This is due to the
    presence of large number of low-productive indigenous cows and buffaloes.
  • The average milk productivity of animals in
    this area is 3.21 kg per day which is less than the state and the country
    average of 4.42 kg per day and 4.32 kg per day respectively.
  • Only 13 percent of reproductive animals are
    reproduced with Artificial Insemination. Thus there is a great possibility
    of improving the genetic potential of milk animals by artificial
    insemination.
  • 58 percent of those who keep milk cattle have
    only one cattle per family.
  • Per capita availability of milk in these areas
    is only 170 gm per day, which is less than the state and country average
    of 239 and 337 grams per day respectively. The consumption of milk in this
    area is quite less and malnutrition is increasing.
  • Institutional structure is weak for milk
    procurement from milk producers. In this area, the Marketable surplus milk
    available is 37% of the milk production, but, the milk procurement by Milk
    Unions in the region is only about 8% (4.3 lakh kg per day). Most Milk
    Unions either receive lesser amount of milk or are not currently
    functional – about 30 percent of these Unions gets more than 10,000
    kilograms of milk per day.
  • States of Rajasthan and Gujarat with similar
    climatic conditions are in second and third place in terms of milk
    production, while Maharashtra is at sixth place. Dairy Industry is the
    main source of livelihood for the rural families of these states. As far
    as milk production and procurement through milk cooperative societies are
    concerned, this state is above national level. According to the “19th
    Census of Livestock-2012”, the Population of livestock in Maharashtra
    has dropped by 9.5 percent from 3.59 million in 2007 to 3.25 crore, in
    2012.
  • Frequent famine, dry wells, dry hand pumps,
    low-productive animals are common in Marathwada and Vidarbha areas, due to
    which the dairy Industry is more progressive in the western part of the
    state, where more than one-third of the state’s milk cattle inhabits.
  • Therefore, dairy industry in Marathwada and
    Vidarbha is important for rural development and is working with NDDB and
    its subsidiaries for the development of an integrated (integrated) 3-year
    plan.
  • In these areas, Mother Dairy has been targeting
    3000 villages of 11 districts- Amravati, Akola, Nagpur, Jalna, Wardha,
    Buldhana, Latur, Osmanabad, Chandrapur, Yavatmal and Nanded for
    procurement of milk in the first 3 years.
  • Mother Dairy started procurement of milk in
    Amravati districts on October 5, 2016 and after this it was started in
    districts of Wardha, Nagarpur and Chandalpur in Vidarbha and in Nanded,
    Osmaknabad districts of Marathwada.
  • Presently, 377 milk Producer Institutions cover
    725 villages where 7969 Milk Producers are pouring 38131 liters of milk in
    46 Bulk Milk coolers and 2 Milk Chilling Centers. As per the available
    report, this milk is mainly going to Mumbai and Hyderabad for sale.
  • 100 percent of the farmers are receiving the direct
    payment in their bank account. By the end of this year, Latur and Buldhana
    districts and 1300 villages will be covered.

Agriculture Minister said that Mother Dairy has
completely renovated this dairy plant in the record period of four months after
the lease agreement between Maharashtra Government and Mother Dairy was signed
for Nagpur Dairy in the presence of Chief Minister of Maharashtra on September
14, 2016, and its present capacity is 50,000 liters per day, which can be
expanded to 2,00,000 liters per day. Apart from this, work on capacity
expansion is going on for the construction of dairy products like curd,
buttermilk and lassi and it is expected to be operational by September 2017.
Mother Dairy is also setting up milk outlets in the city of Nagpur, which will
provide a broad range of products and also offer digital payment options for
consumers.

At the end, the Agriculture Minister informed that Mother
Dairy is also going to set up a new state-of-the-art plant for processing of milk
and milk products in Bhiwandi. The National Dairy Development Board (NDDB), is
working actively to increase productivity through pilot ration balancing
programme, establishment of semen stations, providing artificial insemination
services to farmers door, feed &fodder development activities, supply of
quality feed supplement and animal health services at the village level.

 

He expressed confidence that due to these activities
in these areas, milk production and productivity will increase, the income of
the farmers will also increase and the dream of our Prime Minister will also be
fulfilled.

 
 
 
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SS/MN/UD