the year 2015-16, the growth rate of milk was 6.28 percentages and it caused increase
in milk production to 156 million tonnes
capita availability of milk in India is 337gms/day while World average is only
has highest animal wealth in the World with 512.05 million numbers
agriculture and Farmers Welfare Minister, Shri Radha Mohan Singh has said that
there is a tremendous potential for working on the development of dairy in
Maharashtra. In Nagpur Vidarbha and Marathwada Center, the dairy profession can
be a major source of livelihood for rural households. The Agriculture Minister said
this on the occasion of inauguration of Nagpur Dairy and Mother Dairy booth
here today. On this occasion, Union Minister of Road Transport & Highways
and Shipping, Shri Nitin Gadkari and Chief Minister of Maharashtra Shri
Devendra Fadnavis were also present.
Union Agriculture and Farmers Welfare
Minister, Shri Radha Mohan Singh said that according to the data of May 28,
2017, the total production of milk in 2015-16 reached 156 million tonnes which
is 6.28 percent annual growth rate. It may be worth to mention here that milk
production during 2014-17 has increased by 16.9% when compared to the year
2011-14. Per capita availability of milk in India is 337gms/day while World average
is only 299 gms/day. As far as Maharashtra is concerned, milk production
increased from 9.54 million tonnes in 2014-15 to 10.1 million tonnes in the
year 15-16 with a growth rate of 6.4%, which is more than country’s growth rate
of 6.28%, but per capita availability of milk has been 239 gms/day in 2015-16
which is substantially lower than national average, he added.
The Agriculture Minister said about Marathwada and Vidarbha region,
- Out of the total milk animals in the state, 41
per cent are in these areas, whereas it contributes only 28 per cent (261
lakh kg per day) in the State’s total milk production. This is due to the
presence of large number of low-productive indigenous cows and buffaloes.
- The average milk productivity of animals in
this area is 3.21 kg per day which is less than the state and the country
average of 4.42 kg per day and 4.32 kg per day respectively.
- Only 13 percent of reproductive animals are
reproduced with Artificial Insemination. Thus there is a great possibility
of improving the genetic potential of milk animals by artificial
- 58 percent of those who keep milk cattle have
only one cattle per family.
- Per capita availability of milk in these areas
is only 170 gm per day, which is less than the state and country average
of 239 and 337 grams per day respectively. The consumption of milk in this
area is quite less and malnutrition is increasing.
- Institutional structure is weak for milk
procurement from milk producers. In this area, the Marketable surplus milk
available is 37% of the milk production, but, the milk procurement by Milk
Unions in the region is only about 8% (4.3 lakh kg per day). Most Milk
Unions either receive lesser amount of milk or are not currently
functional – about 30 percent of these Unions gets more than 10,000
kilograms of milk per day.
- States of Rajasthan and Gujarat with similar
climatic conditions are in second and third place in terms of milk
production, while Maharashtra is at sixth place. Dairy Industry is the
main source of livelihood for the rural families of these states. As far
as milk production and procurement through milk cooperative societies are
concerned, this state is above national level. According to the “19th
Census of Livestock-2012”, the Population of livestock in Maharashtra
has dropped by 9.5 percent from 3.59 million in 2007 to 3.25 crore, in
- Frequent famine, dry wells, dry hand pumps,
low-productive animals are common in Marathwada and Vidarbha areas, due to
which the dairy Industry is more progressive in the western part of the
state, where more than one-third of the state’s milk cattle inhabits.
- Therefore, dairy industry in Marathwada and
Vidarbha is important for rural development and is working with NDDB and
its subsidiaries for the development of an integrated (integrated) 3-year
- In these areas, Mother Dairy has been targeting
3000 villages of 11 districts- Amravati, Akola, Nagpur, Jalna, Wardha,
Buldhana, Latur, Osmanabad, Chandrapur, Yavatmal and Nanded for
procurement of milk in the first 3 years.
- Mother Dairy started procurement of milk in
Amravati districts on October 5, 2016 and after this it was started in
districts of Wardha, Nagarpur and Chandalpur in Vidarbha and in Nanded,
Osmaknabad districts of Marathwada.
- Presently, 377 milk Producer Institutions cover
725 villages where 7969 Milk Producers are pouring 38131 liters of milk in
46 Bulk Milk coolers and 2 Milk Chilling Centers. As per the available
report, this milk is mainly going to Mumbai and Hyderabad for sale.
- 100 percent of the farmers are receiving the direct
payment in their bank account. By the end of this year, Latur and Buldhana
districts and 1300 villages will be covered.
Agriculture Minister said that Mother Dairy has
completely renovated this dairy plant in the record period of four months after
the lease agreement between Maharashtra Government and Mother Dairy was signed
for Nagpur Dairy in the presence of Chief Minister of Maharashtra on September
14, 2016, and its present capacity is 50,000 liters per day, which can be
expanded to 2,00,000 liters per day. Apart from this, work on capacity
expansion is going on for the construction of dairy products like curd,
buttermilk and lassi and it is expected to be operational by September 2017.
Mother Dairy is also setting up milk outlets in the city of Nagpur, which will
provide a broad range of products and also offer digital payment options for
At the end, the Agriculture Minister informed that Mother
Dairy is also going to set up a new state-of-the-art plant for processing of milk
and milk products in Bhiwandi. The National Dairy Development Board (NDDB), is
working actively to increase productivity through pilot ration balancing
programme, establishment of semen stations, providing artificial insemination
services to farmers door, feed &fodder development activities, supply of
quality feed supplement and animal health services at the village level.
He expressed confidence that due to these activities
in these areas, milk production and productivity will increase, the income of
the farmers will also increase and the dream of our Prime Minister will also be